ENGLISH B2

ENGLISH B2

RÚSTICA

240

280

978-84-9839-553-2

SSCE04

2015

Nuevo

19,50 €

Elisa María Melendres Tarín y Taide Fleitas Navarro.

1. Lexical and semantic contents
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2. Vocabulary
           1.2.1. Vocabulary in different situations
           1.2.2. Food, kitchen tools and words related with cooking
           1.2.3. Science and technology
           1.2.4. Travel and accommodation
           1.2.5. Social relationships and family
           1.2.6. Lexical phrases
           1.2.7. Frequently used collocations with certain verbs
           1.2.8. Common idiomatic expressions, stereotype comparisons, proverbs and cliché phrases
    1.3. Word formation
           1.3.1. Augmentatives and diminutives
           1.3.2. Compound nouns
           1.3.3. Word families and adjective nominalization
           1.3.4. Animal onomatopoeias
           1.3.5. Frequent initialisms and acronyms
    1.4. Meaning
           1.4.1. Use of the dictionary
           1.4.2. Figurative language and euphemism
           1.4.3. Journalism terms
           1.4.4. Alliteration
           1.4.5. AmE versus BrE
           1.4.6. Confusing words
           1.4.7. False friends
SUMMARY
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2. Grammatical contents
    2.1. Introduction
    2.2. Sentences
           2.2.1. Exclamatory sentences
           2.2.2. Imperative sentences with a subject
           2.2.3. Desiderative sentences
           2.2.4. Word order in a sentence
           2.2.5. Tag questions and tag responses
           2.2.6. Contrasting ideas
           2.2.7. Ellipses at present participle
           2.2.8. Subject and verb agreement
           2.2.9. Impersonal sentences and passive voice
           2.2.10. Passive voice in complex structures
           2.2.11. Reduced relative clauses
           2.2.12. Reported speech. Interrogative speech and orders
           2.2.13. Changes in reported speech. Doing requests, making suggestions and giving instructions and  advice
           2.2.14. Subordinate clauses
           2.2.15. Conditional sentences
           2.2.16. Cleft sentences
           2.2.17. Subjunctive
    2.3. Nouns and adjectives
           2.3.1. Singular nouns ending in «-s» and plural nouns without «-s»
           2.3.2. Plural nouns, borrowed and irregular words
           2.3.3. Genitive case
           2.3.4. Partitive nominal constructions
           2.3.5. Broadening and deepening of male and female nouns
           2.3.6. Broadening and deepening of adjective nominalization
           2.3.7. Characteristics of adjectives
           2.3.8. Degrees of the adjective: comparative degree and irregular forms
           2.3.9. Gradable adjectives
           2.3.10. Adjectives according to their position
           2.3.11. Change of the adjective meaning according to its attributive or predicative position and exclusively predicative position
           2.3.12. Attributive adjectives order
           2.3.13. How to intensify a superlative
           2.3.14. Adjectives modified by adverbs
    2.4. Determiners
           2.4.1. Articles
           2.4.2. When to leave the article out
           2.4.3. The use of the article «the» with proper nouns
           2.4.4. Possessive determiners
           2.4.5. Interrogative and exclamatory determiners
           2.4.6. Demonstratives
           2.4.7. Indefinites
           2.4.8. Basic mathematical operations and fractions
           2.4.9. «Nought», «zero», «nil» and «love»
           2.4.10. Decimals
           2.4.11. Usage of the «-ing» form
    2.5. Pronouns
           2.5.1. Personal pronouns
           2.5.2. Reflexive and reciprocal pronouns
           2.5.3. Interrogative, relative and numerical pronouns
    2.6. Verbs
           2.6.1. The nucleus of the sentence and its complements
           2.6.2. Correlation between tense and mood of the verb
           2.6.3. Verb tenses
           2.6.4. Present tense
           2.6.5. Past tense
           2.6.6. Future tense
           2.6.7. Stative verbs
           2.6.8. Imperative
           2.6.9. Verbs that change in meaning
           2.6.10. Modal verbs
           2.6.11. Infinitive tense
           2.6.12. Usage of the gerund («-ing» form)
           2.6.13. Verbs followed by infinitive or gerund
           2.6.14. Hypothetical past subjunctive
           2.6.15. Subjunctive tense in idioms
           2.6.16. Emphatic imperative with «do»
           2.6.17. Participles in passive sentences
           2.6.18. Participles with certain verbs and to replace relative clauses
           2.6.19. Adverbial participle
    2.7. Adverbs and adverbial phrases
           2.7.1. Usage and position of adverbs and adverbial phrases
           2.7.2. Adverbial complements of time, place and manner
           2.7.3. Order of the adverbs within a sentence
           2.7.4. Adverb formation
           2.7.5. «Quite» and «rather»
           2.7.6. Inversion with negative adverbials
           2.7.7. Adverbs as intensifiers
           2.7.8. Adverbs that modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs
           2.7.9. Adverbs that modify pronouns and determiners
           2.7.10. Adverbs that modify prepositions
           2.7.11. Gradable adverbs
           2.7.12. Intensifying superlatives
           2.7.13. Adverbs that affirm, deny and express probability
    2.8. Conjunctions
           2.8.1. Coordinate conjunctions
           2.8.2. Subordinate conjunctions
           2.8.3. Types of subordinate conjunctions
    2.9. Prepositions and prepositional phrases
           2.9.1. Prepositions to express state, movement, place and time
           2.9.2. Prepositions «in», «on», «at», «like» and «as»
           2.9.3. Other prepositions and prepositional phrases
           2.9.4. Position of the preposition in a sentence
           2.9.5. Prepositions in passive voice sentences
           2.9.6. Adjectives, nouns and verbs followed by prepositions
           2.9.7. Prepositional phrases
SUMMARY
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3. Orthographical contents
    3.1. Introduction
    3.2. Homophones and homographs
    3.3. Syllabic structure
    3.4. Broadening and deepening of British and American standard varieties
    3.5. Zooming in the correct use of punctuation marks
    3.6. Use of capitalization, italic and underlining
    3.7. Abbreviations, acronyms and symbols
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4. Phonetic and phonological contents
    4.1. Introduction
    4.2. General review of vocalic and consonantal sounds
    4.3. Common difficulties of the English pronunciation
    4.4. Schwa and weak vowels
    4.5. Syllabic consonants
    4.6. Phonetic processes
    4.7. Emphatic stress in simple and compound words
    4.8. Stress, rhythm and intonation
    4.9. Pitch patterns
    4.10. Pattern intonation in interrogative sentences
    4.11. Pattern intonation during a conversation
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5. Sociolinguistic and sociocultural contents
    5.1. Introduction
    5.2. Greetings, introductions and farewells in formal style
    5.3. Formal, informal and casual titles
    5.4. Speaking time basic guidelines
    5.5. Polite expressions
    5.6. Sayings, idiomatic expressions and quotations
    5.7. Language register and geographical varieties of English
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6. Functional contents
    6.1. Introduction
    6.2. Assertive speech acts
    6.3. Commissive speech acts
    6.4. Directive speech acts
    6.5. Phatic utterances and the expression of social attitudes
    6.6. Expressive speech acts
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7. Text coherence
    7.1. Introduction
    7.2. Language varieties and registers
    7.3. Topic, approach and content
    7.4. Space-time context
           7.4.1. Spatial reference
           7.4.2. Temporal reference
    7.5. Written texts
    7.6. Spoken texts
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8. Text cohesion
    8.1. Introduction
    8.2. Speech opening
    8.3. Body of the speech
    8.4. Speech closing
    8.5. Speech maintenance
    8.6. Intonation as a pragmatic resource
    8.7. Punctuation as a cohesive device
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Mastering the English language has become the new challenge of the xxi century motivated by, to a large extent, the continuous social and labour changes that have occurred lately throughout the world. Thus, the strong competition in both the personal and professional fields has motivated the approximation of the society to the language.

From this process emerges the present book, which aims to lead the reader in the learning and mastery of the English language. Throughout the development of eight teaching units with large and essential information, the student will be able to use the language fluently and efficiently in different situations, whether written or spoken, and will acquire a wide range of vocabulary and grammar structures, which they can use to express themselves with self-confidence in different everyday conversations about general topics, current or related to the subject of specialization of the speaker.

The study of the contents of this work will provide the reader with the necessary training to attend the official certification exam of level B2 of the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) focusing on writing, reading and oral comprehension supported by learning resources and exercises required to pass the exam successfully.